The city of Soria houses some important Romanesque buildings in its medieval streets, as well as some excellent examples of civil architecture. One of the most important temples in the city, the church of Santa Domingo, is located in Soria's historic city center. It is a beautiful 12th century building and is considered to be one of the finest examples of Romanesque architecture in the city.
The Cathedral of San Pedro is located to the east of the city, near to the Duero river. It was built at the end of the 12th century and later rebuilt during the 16th century. It has a Renaissance facade and three Gothic naves. The cloisters, which have been declared National Monuments, are characterized by the three sections of semicircular arches resting on columns which represent various allegorical scenes.
Other Romanesque religious buildings in Soria include the church of Santa Mar├şa la Mayor and the church of San Juan de Rabanera. This temple, which was originally constructed in the 12th century, shows certain Byzantine influences.
Meanwhile, the Plaza Mayor, which was built in typically Castilian style, is surrounded by several interesting buildings: La Casa de los Doce linajes (The House of the Twelve Lineages (dating back to the 17th century), the Town Hall, the old Town Hall and the Do├▒a Urraca Tower.
Walking through the streets of the historic city centre, you can discover other noble buildings such as the Palacio de los R├şos y Salcedo and the Palace of the Counts of Gomara, which dates back to the 16th century and has been declared a National Monument.
The Duero river runs along the outskirts of the city, creating an idyllic landscape that has been a source of inspiration for a number of Spanish artists and poets such as Antonio Machado. The Monastery of San Juan de Duero, where the ancient Order of the Hospitallers of Jerusalem used to live, is also located in this area.
The province of Soria
The towns of Almaz├ín, Berlanga del Duero, Burgo de Osma and San Esteban de Gormaz, which lie along the banks of the Duero river, are all relics of Soria's medieval past.
The Ca├▒├│n del R├şo Lobos Nature Park (Wolf River Canyon Nature Park) is an area where nature and art are united. The Lobos river forms part of this spectacular landscape situated between the provinces of Burgos and Soria. The steep limstone walls of the canyon are covered with rock vegetation. The Nature Park also has pine and juniper forests and areas of scrubland. Access to the park is free. There is a Nature Center located just a few meters outside of the town of Ucero.
The towns of Medinaceli, Arcos de Jal├│n and Santa Mar├şa de la Huerta also have some interesting Romanesque and Gothic buildings.
The El Moncayo and Las Icnitas Route leads to Numancia (an old Celtiberian fort), San Pedro Manrique and Agreda (a city that was a melting pot of Arab, Jewish and Christian cultures in the Middle Ages).
Interesting examples of popular architecture can be found along the Pinares y Urbi├│n route, in places like Vinuesa, Salduero and Durelo de la Sierra. From Durelo de la Sierra, you can climb the Urbi├│n Peak (with an altitude of 2,226 meters).